Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences - Biogeography

Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences | Geography Department | Biogeography | News | How do human behaviours impact wildlife movements?

How do human behaviours impact wildlife movements?

 

A. Ghoddousi, E.K. Buchholz, A. Dietsch, M. Williamson, S. Sharma, N. Balkenhol, T. Kuemmerle & T. Dutta

 

Summary:

We introduce the term ‘anthropogenic resistance’ as the approximation of human psychological and socioeconomic factors that can impact species’ movement, and highlight how to include anthropogenic resistance in connectivity planning to ensure functionality of corridors.
 

Abstract:

Maintaining or restoring connectivity among wildlife populations is a primary strategy to overcome the negative impacts of habitat fragmentation. Yet, current connectivity planning efforts typically assess landscape resistance, the ability of organisms to cross various biophysical elements in a landscape, while overlooking the various ways in which human behaviors influence connectivity. Here, we introduce the concept of ‘anthropogenic resistance’ to capture the impacts of human behaviors on species’ movement through a landscape. We discuss psychological and socioeconomic factors that influence the degree of anthropogenic resistance, such as the economic value or the risks posed by a species, and suggest methods to estimate and include anthropogenic resistance in connectivity analyses. Finally, we highlight how addressing anthropogenic resistance through a social-ecological perspective can lead to better outcomes for both humans and wildlife. We call for multidisciplinary approaches in connectivity planning to ensure functionality of landscapes and sustainability of populations in the long-term.

Link to the manuscript: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oneear.2020.12.003

Citation:  Ghoddousi, A., Buchholz, E.K., Dietsch, A., Williamson, M., Sharma, S., Balkenhol, N., Kuemmerle, T. & Dutta, T. (2021) Anthropogenic resistance: Accounting for human behavior in wildlife connectivity planning. One Earth 4(1): 39-48.

 

 

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